Document Detail

Bacterial contamination of bath-water from spinal cord lesioned patients with pressure ulcers exercising in the water.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10762183     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To evaluate the bacterial contamination of the water from the microflora of pressure ulcers in para- and tetraplegic patients, when they were exercising in water at 36 degrees C for half an hour.
MATERIAL: Twelve spinal cord lesioned (SCL) patients with ulcers participated, and six of the 12 SCL patients with healed ulcers constituted a control group.
METHODS: The evaluation was performed both with and without the ulcer covered with a moisture reactive occlusive dressing, DuoDERM. Bacterial samples were taken from the bath-water before and after the exercise programmes and additionally specimens were obtained from the ulcer, the patients skin and urine, and from the skin of the physiotherapist who exercised the patient. A similar procedure was carried out in the controls.
RESULTS: The bacteriologic analyses showed no significant difference in the contamination of the bath-water after exercising with or without DuoDERM covering the ulcers. In half of the patients DuoDERM loosened. After all exercise programmes with or without DuoDERM dressing the water was contaminated with facultative aerobic intestinal bacteria, ie E. faecalis and Enterobacteriaceae (E. coli, Klebsiella species, Proteus species, Enterobacter species). In nearly one-third of the exercise sessions the bath-water was contaminated with P. aeruginosa before starting, and after the exercise programmes one fourth of the ulcers were colonized with these pathogens.
CONCLUSION: The water specimen showed the bacteria from the intestine to be much more prominent than the bacteria coming from the ulcers. Thus the pressure ulcers were of minor importance for the bath-water and ought not to prohibit patients from the potential benefits of water exercise, but chlorination of the water in the training pool seems appropriate.
F Biering-Sørensen; A K Schröder; M Wilhelmsen; B Lomberg; H Nielsen; N Høiby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spinal cord     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1362-4393     ISO Abbreviation:  Spinal Cord     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-09     Completed Date:  2000-05-09     Revised Date:  2011-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609749     Medline TA:  Spinal Cord     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  100-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Spinal Cord Injured, Department TH, The Neuroscience Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Bacteria, Aerobic / isolation & purification*
Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification
Enterococcus faecalis / isolation & purification
Intestines / microbiology
Middle Aged
Occlusive Dressings
Pressure Ulcer / etiology*,  microbiology*,  therapy
Pseudomonas aeruginosa / isolation & purification
Spinal Cord Injuries / complications*
Water Microbiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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