Document Detail

Bacterial contamination of animal feed and its relationship to human foodborne illness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12228823     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Animal feed is at the beginning of the food safety chain in the "farm-to-fork" model. The emergence of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has raised awareness of the importance of contaminated animal feed, but less attention has been paid to the role of bacterial contamination of animal feed in human foodborne illness. In the United States, animal feed is frequently contaminated with non-Typhi serotypes of Salmonella enterica and may lead to infection or colonization of food animals. These bacteria can contaminate animal carcasses at slaughter or cross-contaminate other food items, leading to human illness. Although tracing contamination to its ultimate source is difficult, several large outbreaks have been traced back to contaminated animal feed. Improvements in the safety of animal feed should include strengthening the surveillance of animal feed for bacterial contamination and integration of such surveillance with human foodborne disease surveillance systems. A Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point program should be instituted for the animal feed industry, and a Salmonella-negative policy for feed should be enforced.
John A Crump; Patricia M Griffin; Frederick J Angulo
Related Documents :
22305983 - Genomic characteristics comparisons of 12 food-related filamentous fungi in trna gene s...
8632233 - The protein efficiency ratios of 30:70 mixtures of animal:vegetable protein are similar...
23727403 - Prolonged protein deprivation, but not food restriction, affects parvalbumin-containing...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2002-09-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1537-6591     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-13     Completed Date:  2002-10-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203213     Medline TA:  Clin Infect Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  859-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / microbiology*
Consumer Product Safety / legislation & jurisprudence*
Disease Outbreaks*
Food Contamination
Meat Products / microbiology*
Salmonella Infections / epidemiology*
Salmonella enterica*
Typhoid Fever / prevention & control
United States / epidemiology
Comment In:
Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Apr 1;36(7):933-4; author reply 934-5   [PMID:  12652398 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Management of anthrax.
Next Document:  Ganciclovir-resistant cytomegalovirus in organ transplant recipients.