Document Detail


Bacterial communities and the nitrogen cycle in the gypsum soils of Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, coahuila: a Mars analogue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22920518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The OMEGA/Mars Express hyperspectral imager identified gypsum at several sites on Mars in 2005. These minerals constitute a direct record of past aqueous activity and are important with regard to the search of extraterrestrial life. Gale Crater was chosen as Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity's landing site because it is rich in gypsum, as are some desert soils of the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin (CCB) (Chihuahuan Desert, Mexico). The gypsum of the CCB, which is overlain by minimal carbonate deposits, was the product of magmatic activity that occurred under the Tethys Sea. To examine this Mars analogue, we retrieved gypsum-rich soil samples from two contrasting sites with different humidity in the CCB. To characterize the site, we obtained nutrient data and analyzed the genes related to the N cycle (nifH, nirS, and nirK) and the bacterial community composition by using 16S rRNA clone libraries. As expected, the soil content for almost all measured forms of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus were higher at the more humid site than at the drier site. What was unexpected is the presence of a rich and divergent community at both sites, with higher taxonomic diversity at the humid site and almost no taxonomic overlap. Our results suggest that the gypsum-rich soils of the CCB host a unique microbial ecosystem that includes novel microbial assemblies.
Authors:
Nguyen E López-Lozano; Luis E Eguiarte; Germán Bonilla-Rosso; Felipe García-Oliva; Celeste Martínez-Piedragil; Christine Rooks; Valeria Souza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Astrobiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1557-8070     ISO Abbreviation:  Astrobiology     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-27     Completed Date:  2013-03-21     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088083     Medline TA:  Astrobiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  699-709     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva, Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, México D.F., México.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteria / classification,  genetics,  growth & development*
Calcium Sulfate / chemistry*
Confidence Intervals
Denitrification / genetics
Exobiology*
Gene Library
Genes, Bacterial / genetics
Mars*
Mexico
Microbial Consortia* / genetics
Molecular Sequence Data
Nitrogen Cycle* / genetics
Nitrogen Fixation / genetics
Phylogeny
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
Soil / chemistry*
Soil Microbiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; 0/Soil; 7778-18-9/Calcium Sulfate
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