Document Detail

Bacterial communities associated with the wood-feeding gastropod Pectinodonta sp. (Patellogastropoda, Mollusca).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20831591     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Even though their occurrence was reported a long time ago, sunken wood ecosystems at the deep-sea floor have only recently received specific attention. Accumulations of wood fragments in the deep sea create niches for a diverse fauna, but the significance of the wood itself as a food source remains to be evaluated. Pectinodonta sp. is a patellogastropod that exclusively occurs on woody substrates, where individuals excavate deep depressions, and is thus a potential candidate for a wood-eating lifestyle. Several approaches were used on Pectinodonta sampled close to Tongoa island (Vanuatu) to investigate its dietary habits. Host carbon is most likely derived from the wood material based on stable isotopes analyses, and high cellulase activity was measured in the digestive mass. Electron microscopy and FISH revealed the occurrence of two distinct and dense bacterial communities, in the digestive gland and on the gill. Gland-associated 16S rRNA gene bacterial phylotypes, confirmed by in situ hybridization, included members of three divisions (Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes), and were moderately related (90-96% sequence identity) to polymer-degrading and denitrifying bacteria. Gill-associated phylotypes included representatives of the Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria. The possible involvement of these two bacterial communities in wood utilization by Pectinodonta sp. is discussed.
Magali Zbinden; Marie Pailleret; Juliette Ravaux; Sylvie M Gaudron; Caroline Hoyoux; Josie Lambourdière; Anders Warén; Julien Lorion; Sébastien Halary; Sébastien Duperron
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  FEMS microbiology ecology     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1574-6941     ISO Abbreviation:  FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901229     Medline TA:  FEMS Microbiol Ecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  450-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
Systématique, Adaptation, Evolution, AMEX, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.
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