Document Detail


Backyard poultry raising in Bangladesh: a valued resource for the villagers and a setting for zoonotic transmission of avian influenza. A qualitative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22950607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Backyard poultry raising is common in rural communities and a valued resource that provides food and income for subsistence farmers. Close contact with infected backyard poultry has been associated with H5N1 human cases in different countries. The emergence of this virus within Bangladesh means that backyard poultry raisers are at risk of avian influenza infections. The aim of this study was to understand why people raise backyard poultry and to characterize people's regular interaction with their poultry.
METHODS: In 2008, a qualitative study was conducted in two villages from two districts of Bangladesh. In a social mapping exercise the villagers drew all the households in their village: 115 households in the village in Netrokona and 85 households in the village in Rajshahi District. Selected were 40 households (20 households from each of the two villages) for data collection through in-depth interviews (<em>n</em>=40) and household mapping (<em>n</em>=40), and observation sessions (<em>n</em>=16).
RESULTS: In both villages, 92% of households raised backyard poultry.<strong> </strong>The majority of the owners was female and used the money earned from poultry raising to purchase cooking ingredients, clothing, and agricultural seeds, and pay for children's education expenses. The households consumed poultry meat and eggs. In the village in Netrokona, 80% (85/106) of households kept poultry inside the bedroom. In the village in Rajshahi, 87% (68/78) of households had separate cage/night sheds. During feeding the poultry and cleaning the poultry raising areas, villagers came into contact with poultry and poultry feces. Poultry scavenged for food on the floor, bed, in the food pot and around the place where food was cooked. Poultry drank from and bathed in the same body of water that villagers used for bathing and washing utensils and clothes.
CONCLUSION: Although raising poultry provides essential support to the families' livelihoods, it exposes them to the risk of avian influenza through close contact with their poultry. Simple warnings to avoid poultry contact are unlikely to change practices that are essential to household survival. Interventions that help to protect poultry flocks and improve household profitability are more likely to be practiced.
Authors:
Rebeca Sultana; Nazmun Nahar; Nadia A Rimi; Shamim Azad; M Saiful Islam; Emily S Gurley; Stephen P Luby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rural and remote health     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1445-6354     ISO Abbreviation:  Rural Remote Health     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101174860     Medline TA:  Rural Remote Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1927     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Communicable Diseases, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh . rebeca@icddrb.org.
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