Document Detail

Back to basics: the apgar score: simple yet complex.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22564313     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Evaluation of the newborn at birth includes assignment of the Apgar scores at one and five minutes of age. Dr. Virginia Apgar (Figure 1) developed this evaluation procedure in the 1950s, and it has been used routinely for more than a half century. Apgar developed this assessment tool with five objective criteria: (a) heart rate (HR), (b) respiratory effort, (c) reflex irritability, (d) muscle tone, and (e) color (Table 1). Apgar described the criteria, scoring method, and the rationale for each of the five criteria. She stated in her second report that HR and respiratory effort were the most important of the five assessment criteria; that reflex irritability and muscle tone were next in importance; and that color was the least important. She explained that color is dependent on the criteria of HR and respiratory effort. To become pink, an infant needs to be breathing.
Lori Rubarth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatal network : NN     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1539-2880     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatal Netw     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503921     Medline TA:  Neonatal Netw     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-77     Citation Subset:  N    
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