Document Detail

Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22267884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ethologist Konrad Lorenz proposed that baby schema ('Kindchenschema') is a set of infantile physical features such as the large head, round face and big eyes that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in other individuals, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. Previous work on this fundamental concept was restricted to schematic baby representations or correlative approaches. Here, we experimentally tested the effects of baby schema on the perception of cuteness and the motivation for caretaking using photographs of infant faces. Employing quantitative techniques, we parametrically manipulated the baby schema content to produce infant faces with high (e.g. round face and high forehead), and low (e. g. narrow face and low forehead) baby schema features that retained all the characteristics of a photographic portrait. Undergraduate students (n = 122) rated these infants' cuteness and their motivation to take care of them. The high baby schema infants were rated as more cute and elicited stronger motivation for caretaking than the unmanipulated and the low baby schema infants. This is the first experimental proof of the baby schema effects in actual infant faces. Our findings indicate that the baby schema response is a critical function of human social cognition that may be the basis of caregiving and have implications for infant-caretaker interactions.
Melanie L Glocker; Daniel D Langleben; Kosha Ruparel; James W Loughead; Ruben C Gur; Norbert Sachser
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethology : formerly Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0179-1613     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605782     Medline TA:  Ethology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  257-263     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
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Grant Support
R01 MH060722-05//NIMH NIH HHS

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