Document Detail


BMI may underestimate the socioeconomic gradient in true obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23283767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) does not make a distinction between fat mass and lean mass. In children, high fat mass appears to be associated with low maternal education, as well as low lean mass because maternal education is associated with physical activity. Therefore, BMI might underestimate true obesity in children of low-educated mothers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of maternal education with fat mass index (FMI), lean mass index (LMI) and BMI. METHODS: In total, 1965 Dutch children from a prospective cohort, aged 5.7 years (standard deviation 0.5), had available data on body composition based on bioelectrical impedance analysis. RESULTS: Maternal education was not associated with BMI after adjustment for confounders. In contrast, children of low-educated mothers had a higher FMI (β 0.28 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.07; 0.49) and a lower LMI (β -0.18 95% CI -0.33; -0.03) compared with children of high-educated mothers. CONCLUSIONS: This suggests that BMI underestimates the educational gradient of childhood obesity.
Authors:
G van den Berg; M van Eijsden; T G M Vrijkotte; R J B J Gemke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric obesity     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-6310     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Obes     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101572033     Medline TA:  Pediatr Obes     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2012 International Association for the Study of Obesity.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Public Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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