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BET 1: Can inflammatory markers distinguish streptococcal from viral tonsillitis?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21788241     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A short-cut review was performed to evaluate whether inflammatory markers such as C reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white cell count (WCC) and procalcitonin (PCT) are able to discriminate between streptococcal and viral tonsillitis, enabling a reduction in the overuse of antibiotics. Eight studies with a total of 1031 participants were found. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that WCC, CRP and PCT levels are higher in patients with streptococcal tonsillitis compared to patients with tonsillitis or pharyngitis without group A streptococcus isolated from a throat swab. Which of these markers has the best test performance characteristics requires further study.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emergency medicine journal : EMJ     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1472-0213     ISO Abbreviation:  Emerg Med J     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100963089     Medline TA:  Emerg Med J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  715-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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