Document Detail


B-vitamin status and intake in European adolescents. A review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16913205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: National and international recommendations for the intake of B vitamins in adolescents consist of estimates and extrapolations from adult values. Due to increasing growth and therefore relatively high energy and nutrient requirements adolescents are a vulnerable group from the nutritional point of view. In addition, a deficient intake of several B vitamins is strongly connected with the development of cancer, neural tube defects and cardiovascular diseases.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to assess dietary intake and status of B vitamins and homocysteine of European adolescents on the basis of published data.
METHODS: The database Medline (www.ncvi.nlm.nih.gov) was searched for terms like "Vitamin B", "homocysteine", "Europe", etc. Studies published between June 1980 and December 2004 were analysed for this review. Results of the intake of B vitamins were compared with the EAR or AI, respectively, as recommended by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. Due to lacking reference values for adolescents results of blood status as well as homocysteine were compared to different thresholds for adults.
RESULTS: Considering the limitations of the comparability between the reviewed studies e.g. by different methodologies, sample size, age groups, the average intake of B vitamins surpassed the EAR and AI. Boys were better supplied with B vitamins than girls. The intake decreased with increasing age in both genders. A possible deficiency of folate was noticed and girls in particular seemed to be more at risk. Clear regional tendencies for the vitamin intake could not be observed. Results of vitamin B6, B12, folate in blood, and homocysteine were levelled in-between the thresholds. Though the great standard deviation of folate increased the probability of a deficient supply in parts of the population.
CONCLUSIONS: European girls seem to be at risk of folate deficiency. Supplements and fortified food were not taken into consideration by most of the published studies which additionally distorts the real intake. Standardized methods of dietary surveys and reference values for B vitamins as well as homocysteine still must be established. Hence, further investigations are of great relevance. folate increased the probability of a deficient supply in parts of the population.
CONCLUSIONS: European girls seem to be at risk of folate deficiency. Supplements and fortified food were not taken into consideration by most of the published studies which additionally distorts the real intake. Standardized methods of dietary surveys and reference values for B vitamins as well as homocysteine still must be established. Hence, further investigations are of great relevance.
Authors:
J Al-Tahan; M González-Gross; K Pietrzik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrición hospitalaria     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0212-1611     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Hosp     Publication Date:    2006 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-17     Completed Date:  2006-10-16     Revised Date:  2013-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100365     Medline TA:  Nutr Hosp     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut für Ernährungs- und Lebensmittelwissenschaften, Fachgebiet Humanernährung, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Diet Surveys
Europe
Female
Folic Acid / administration & dosage,  blood
Folic Acid Deficiency / etiology
Homocysteine / blood*
Humans
Male
Reference Values
Sex Factors
Vitamin B 12 / administration & dosage,  blood
Vitamin B 6 / administration & dosage,  blood
Vitamin B Complex / administration & dosage,  blood*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
12001-76-2/Vitamin B Complex; 454-28-4/Homocysteine; 59-30-3/Folic Acid; 68-19-9/Vitamin B 12; 8059-24-3/Vitamin B 6

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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