Document Detail


B-type natriuretic peptide in the assessment of acute lung injury and cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16691132     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The role of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in critically ill patients with acute pulmonary edema is controversial. We postulated that a low BNP level would exclude cardiac dysfunction as the principal cause of pulmonary edema and therefore help in the diagnosis of acute lung injury. DESIGN: A retrospective derivation cohort was followed by a prospective validation cohort of consecutive patients with acute pulmonary edema admitted to three intensive care units. BNP was measured within 24 hrs from onset. Critical care experts blinded to BNP results integrated clinical data with the course of disease and response to therapy and served as the reference standard. SETTING: Three intensive care units at the tertiary center. PATIENTS: Consecutive critically ill patients with acute pulmonary edema. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In a derivation cohort of 84 patients, a BNP threshold of <or=250 pg/mL had a specificity of 87% and sensitivity of 48% for the diagnosis of acute lung injury. High specificity of BNP (90%, likelihood ratio of 3.9) was confirmed in a validation cohort of 120 consecutive patients, 52 (43%) of whom had acute lung injury. Notably, 32% of patients with acute lung injury had concomitant cardiac dysfunction. The median time from the onset of pulmonary edema to BNP testing was 3 hrs. The accuracy of BNP (area under receiver operator curve, 0.71) was comparable with pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (area under receiver operator curve, 0.66) and superior to ejection fraction (area under receiver operator curve, 0.60) in subgroups of patients in whom these tests were performed. The accuracy of BNP improved when patients with renal insufficiency were excluded (area under receiver operator curve, 0.82). CONCLUSION: When measured early after the onset of acute pulmonary edema, a BNP level of <250 pg/mL supports the diagnosis of acute lung injury. The high rate of cardiac and renal dysfunction in critically ill patients limits the discriminative role of BNP. No level of BNP could completely exclude cardiac dysfunction.
Authors:
Rimki Rana; Nicholas E Vlahakis; Craig E Daniels; Allan S Jaffe; George G Klee; Rolf D Hubmayr; Ognjen Gajic
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-27     Completed Date:  2006-07-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1941-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Biological Markers / blood
Critical Illness
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Heart Diseases / complications*,  diagnosis*
Humans
Lung Diseases / diagnosis*
Male
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / blood*
Prospective Studies
Pulmonary Edema / diagnosis,  etiology*
Retrospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K23 HL78743-01A1/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 114471-18-0/Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Crit Care Med. 2006 Jul;34(7):2019-20   [PMID:  16801872 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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