Document Detail

Axial distortion of airways in the lung.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6826404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Axial loads were applied around the circumference of an airway lumen by pulling on a cup-shaped anchor that embedded itself in the airway wall. Axial displacements were measured as a function of distance from the load, and the data were compared to the results of mathematical analyses of continuum mechanics models. In the modeling it was assumed that the elastic tube representing the airway is bonded to the surrounding elastic continuum representing the parenchyma and that axial forces are transmitted between the tube and the continuum by shear stresses at the interface. The agreement between the measured and computed axial displacements supports the hypothesis that the shear stresses are the dominant coupling mechanism. The following quantitative relations between force and displacement were obtained. The axial displacement produced by the load L was approximately 0.05 L/pi alpha mu, where alpha is the airway radius and mu is the shear modulus of the parenchyma. The displacement decayed to approximately one-half this maximal value at two diameters from the load.
M J Kallok; S J Lai-Fook; M A Hajji; T A Wilson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1983 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-04-15     Completed Date:  1983-04-15     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Lung / anatomy & histology*
Models, Anatomic
Stress, Mechanical*
Grant Support

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