Document Detail


Awareness of legislation moderates the effect of opt-out consent on organ donation intentions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23416684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: With the worldwide shortage of organs to meet the demand for transplants, many countries are considering whether introducing opt-out consent would increase the availability of donor organs. This research assessed whether people's willingness to donate their organs for transplant purposes was greater in opt-out than opt-in countries and whether such effects were moderated by people's awareness of their nation's legislative system.
METHODS: Using secondary data from the 2010 Eurobarometer (n=29,288), this study compared people's willingness to donate their organs in a representative sample from 19 opt-out and 10 opt-in consent countries from across Europe.
RESULTS: The majority of participants (66.04%) stated that they were willing to donate their organs for transplant purposes. The proportion of people who were willing to donate their organs did not differ between opt-in (65.97%) and opt-out (66.37%) countries. However, the effect of consent on willingness to donate was moderated by people's awareness of their nation's organ donation legislation. When people were aware of their nation's legislation, the proportion of people who were willing to donate their organs was greater in opt-out (85.26%) than opt-in (80.72%) countries. By contrast, when people were not aware of their nation's legislation, there was no difference in people's willingness to donate their organs in opt-in (58.63%) and opt-out (59.23%) countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Opt-out consent countries should increase people's awareness of their legislation to improve donor rates. Further research is needed to understand the factors that moderate the effect of opt-out consent legislation on organ donation.
Authors:
Lee Shepherd; Ronan E O'Carroll
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1534-6080     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplantation     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-16     Completed Date:  2013-06-06     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0132144     Medline TA:  Transplantation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1058-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Data Collection
European Union
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Informed Consent / legislation & jurisprudence*
Legislation, Medical
Male
Middle Aged
Tissue and Organ Procurement / legislation & jurisprudence*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CZH/4/686//Chief Scientist Office

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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