Document Detail


Avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke among pregnant Taiwanese women: knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17678457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The issue of active and passive cigarette smoking among pregnant women at home has become a major source of debate. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke and related factors among pregnant women in Taiwan. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design was used. Women (n = 281) visiting the outpatient antenatal clinics of one regional hospital and two medical centers in Taipei for routine obstetrical care volunteered to fill out questionnaires. RESULTS: Participants on average had little knowledge of this issue and felt less than "very confident" in resisting environmental tobacco smoke and indicated that it was only "usually true" that they practiced avoidance behaviors. The knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke were all related to both the woman and her partner's educational levels. There were significant differences in mean knowledge, self-efficacy, and avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke scores among different household smoking groups. A multiple regression revealed that overall avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke was positively associated with self-efficacy, with a no-smoking policy at home, and with both a woman and her partner's educational levels. CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of subjects suffering from active (6.05%) and passive smoking (58.72%) suggests that clinicians can target interventions designed to increase pregnant women's self-efficacy and to advise them to try to set up their own smoking policy at home.
Authors:
Ching-Min Chen; Pi-Hsia Lee; Yu-Hua Chou; Shu-Fen Kuo; Yu-Hien Hsu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of women's health (2002)     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1540-9996     ISO Abbreviation:  J Womens Health (Larchmt)     Publication Date:    2007 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-06     Completed Date:  2007-09-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101159262     Medline TA:  J Womens Health (Larchmt)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  869-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Taipei Medical University College of Nursing, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. chingmin@tmu.edu.tw
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / ethnology*,  prevention & control
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Questionnaires*
Residence Characteristics
Self Efficacy*
Taiwan
Tobacco Smoke Pollution* / adverse effects,  prevention & control
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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