Document Detail

Avoidable mortality in small-for-gestational-age children in the Netherlands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20121528     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To analyze avoidable perinatal mortality in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) children. METHODS: All SGA-children (< or =10(th) percentile) among 22,189 newborns delivered after 24 weeks' gestation (175 days), from three regions of the Netherlands during 2003-2004 were evaluated. Cases of perinatal mortality were identified and assessed in a consensus model by perinatal audit groups for cause of death and the presence of substandard care factors (SSF). We analyzed all singleton SGA-cases with and without SSF for avoidable perinatal mortality. RESULTS: Out of 20,927 singletons, 2396 newborns were SGA. Of those, 59 died perinatally (2.46%), and 55 of which were assessed by perinatal audit groups. SSF by caregivers were found in 22 cases (40%). In 16 of these cases (29%) the relation to the perinatal death was considered possible or (very) probable. Of the cases without SSF by caregivers, 15 cases (25%) could possibly have been avoided: in 13 cases an avoidable condition and in 2 cases avoidable death were identified. Failure in the correct and timely diagnosis of fetal growth restriction appears to be an important issue in all cases of perinatal mortality in SGA-children. Before referral growth restriction was suspected only in 22% of all SGA cases during the third trimester of pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: More adequate action by caregivers could decrease perinatal mortality in nearly 1/3 among SGA-children. Adjustments in pregnancy monitoring, especially in low-risk pregnancies, such as routine ultrasound biometry examination, may improve the accuracy in detecting growth deviations and decreasing the number of possibly avoidable cases of perinatal mortality in this category.
Paul A O M De Reu; Herman P Oosterbaan; Luc J M Smits; Jan G Nijhuis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatal medicine     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1619-3997     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinat Med     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-06     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361031     Medline TA:  J Perinat Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  311-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Midden Brabant Midwifery Care Center, Boxtel, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Clinical Audit
Fetal Growth Retardation / diagnosis
Gestational Age
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age / physiology*
Netherlands / epidemiology
Perinatal Care
Quality of Health Care
Time Factors
Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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