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Avicenna's Canon of Medicine: A Look at Health, Public Health, and Environmental Sanitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23199255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Avicenna, a renowned Persian Muslim scientist has written numerous scientific papers and valuable medical books that are respected worldwide. For centuries his masterpiece, the "Canon of Medicine", has been used as a major medical reference. The Canon, as a prime encyclopedia on medicine is comprised of five books. In the introduction to the Canon, Avicenna has described the purpose of medicine as the preservation of health if it is already attained and its restoration when it is lost. He defines health as a trait or state, which results in the normal functioning of the human body and presumes that health is a steady state, whilst disease is more of a variable concept. Thus whenever we depart from a healthy state, we approach disease. A comparison of current views regarding definitions of health, disease and their components as defined by Avicenna could open new horizons for ancient, traditional medicine. The Canon contains numerous implications concerning the infrastructures of public health-related issues. For example the specifications of healthy water and air are well described in the "Canon of Medicine". To enable a better understanding of Avicenna's viewpoints about public health, we have briefly reviewed his perspective on the topics of health, disease, and environmental sanitation concerning water and air.
Mohsen Saffari; Amir H Pakpou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of Iranian medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1029-2977     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Iran Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100889644     Medline TA:  Arch Iran Med     Country:  Iran    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  785-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Education, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran,
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