Document Detail

Average daily intake of phosphorus in 3- to 5-year-old Japanese children as assessed by the duplicate-diet technique.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19786381     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study aimed to determine whether there is excessive mean daily intake of phosphorus in 3- to 5-year-old Japanese children and to ascertain relationships between phosphorus intake and various food and beverage groups. Subjects comprised of 90 children, with 15 boys and 15 girls in each age group from 3 to 5 years. The duplicate-diet technique was used to ascertain total dietary intake, including snacks and beverages over a 24-h period on 3 separate days from summer 1999 to winter 2000. After wet ashing food samples, phosphorus was quantified by colourimetry using a spectrophotometer. Median and 25th-75th percentile daily phosphorus intake for 3- to 5-year-old Japanese children was 674 mg (534-890 mg), and phosphorus intake correlated with the intake of many food groups and was closely correlated with total daily intake of food and beverage (rs=0.64). In addition, phosphorus intake correlated with the intake of magnesium and calcium (rs>=0.6, p<0.001). When assessed based on dietary reference intakes for the US, maximum intake did not exceed the tolerable upper intake level in any of the young children, but phosphorus intake was not more than the estimated average requirement (EAR) in 4.4% of subjects, which exceeded the target of 2.5% for the US EAR. We concluded that there is a risk of insufficient phosphorous intake, rather than excessive intake, for 4.4% of 3- to 5-year-old Japanese children.
Tomoko Sugiyama; Taeko Murakami; Tomiko Shibata; Miho Goshima; Naoki Narita; Haruo Nakagaki; Mamoru Nishimuta
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-29     Completed Date:  2009-12-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Preventive Dentistry and Dental Public Health, School of Dentistry, Aichi-Gakuin University, 1-100 Kusumoto-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Carbonated Beverages / statistics & numerical data*
Child, Preschool
Diet Surveys
Nutrition Assessment*
Nutritional Status
Phosphorus, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Sex Characteristics
Statistics, Nonparametric
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Phosphorus, Dietary

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