Document Detail


Autoregulation of glucose production in men with a glycerol load during rest and exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11254474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Related to hepatic autoregulation we evaluated hypotheses that 1) glucose production would be altered as a result of a glycerol load, 2) decreased glucose recycling rate (Rr) would result from increased glycerol uptake, and 3) the absolute rate of gluconeogenesis (GNG) from glycerol would be positively correlated to glycerol rate of disappearance (R(d)) during a glycerol load. For these purposes, glucose and glycerol kinetics were determined in eight men during rest and during 90 min of leg cycle ergometry at 45 and 65% of peak O2 consumption (.VO2 (peak)). Trials were conducted after an overnight fast, with exercise commencing 12 h after the last meal. Subjects received a continuous infusion of [6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose, [1-(13)C]glucose, and [1,1,2,3,3-(2)H(5)]glycerol without (CON) or with an additional 1,000 mg (rest: 20 mg/min; exercise: 40 mg/min) of [2-(13)C]- or unlabeled glycerol added to the infusate (GLY). Infusion of glycerol dampened glucose Rr, calculated as the difference between [6,6-(2)H(2)]- and [1-(13)C]glucose rates of appearance (R(a)), at rest [0.35 +/- 0.12 (CON) vs. 0.12 +/- 0.10 mg. kg(-1). min(-1) (GLY), P < 0.05] and during exercise at both intensities [45%: 0.63 +/- 0.14 (CON) vs. 0.04 +/- 0.12 (GLY); 65%: 0.73 +/- 0.14 (CON) vs. 0.04 +/- 0.17 mg. kg(-1). min(-1) (GLY), P < 0.05]. Glucose R(a) and oxidation were not affected by glycerol infusion at rest or during exercise. Throughout rest and both exercise intensities, glycerol R(d) was greater in GLY vs. CON conditions (rest: 0.30 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.58 +/- 0.04; 45%: 0.57 +/- 0.07 vs. 1.19 +/- 0.04; 65%: 0.73 +/- 0.06 vs. 1.27 +/- 0.05 mg. kg(-1). min(-1), CON vs. GLY, respectively). Differences in glycerol R(d) (DeltaR(d)) between protocols equaled the unlabeled glycerol infusion rate and correlated with plasma glycerol concentration (r = 0.97). We conclude that infusion of a glycerol load during rest and exercise at 45 and 65% of .VO2(peak) 1) does not affect glucose R(a) or R(d), 2) blocks glucose Rr, 3) increases whole body glycerol R(d) in a dose-dependent manner, and 4) results in gluconeogenic rates from glycerol equivalent to CON glucose recycling rates.
Authors:
J K Trimmer; G A Casazza; M A Horning; G A Brooks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  280     ISSN:  0193-1849     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-20     Completed Date:  2001-04-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E657-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Integrative Biology, University of California-Berkeley, 5101 Valley Life Sciences Bldg., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Diet Records
Exercise / physiology*
Gluconeogenesis / physiology*
Glucose / metabolism
Glycerol / metabolism,  pharmacology*
Homeostasis*
Humans
Kinetics
Male
Oxidation-Reduction
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Rest / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AR-42906/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; DK-19577/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-99-7/Glucose; 56-81-5/Glycerol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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