Document Detail

Autophagy and aging--importance of amino acid levels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15104104     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Melendez et al. [Science 301 (2003) 1387] have recently shown that the increased longevity of Caenorhabditis elegans mutants with defective Daf-2 protein, i.e. an insulin receptor analog, involves increased autophagy. Autophagy increases the free amino acid pool and is in certain cells essential for survival at times of limited amino acid availability. In addition, autophagy plays an important role in the turnover of proteins and organelles including mitochondria. The autophagic activity is sensitive to changes in physiological conditions, i.e. it is strongly inhibited by an increase in amino acid concentrations or in insulin receptor signaling. In line with this fact, clinical studies indicate that autophagy mainly occurs at times of low plasma amino acid and insulin concentrations in the post-absorptive (fasted) state, and that the post-absorptive amino acid-sensitive protein catabolism may be taken as a bona fide indicator of autophagic activity. The increased longevity of insulin receptor mutants or of organisms subjected to calorie restriction may, therefore, be attributed to an increase in autophagic activity. Importantly, the autophagic activity decreases with age. Recent studies suggest that this decrease may result from an age-related increase in post-absorptive amino acid levels and/or from an increase in baseline insulin receptor signaling. If so, it is potentially reversible.
Wulf Dröge
Related Documents :
24912694 - Metabolic variation and antioxidant potential of malus prunifolia (wild apple) compared...
20035494 - Optimization of insulin-mediated creatine retention during creatine feeding in humans.
1315434 - Studies on the effect of dry sundakai (solanum torvum) powder supplementation on lipid ...
23567734 - High temperature and low acid pretreatment and agarase treatment of agarose for the pro...
10419194 - The pool of fatty acids covalently bound to platelet proteins by thioester linkages can...
6116514 - The presynaptic effects of valproic acid in the isolated frog spinal cord.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mechanisms of ageing and development     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0047-6374     ISO Abbreviation:  Mech. Ageing Dev.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-22     Completed Date:  2004-11-08     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0347227     Medline TA:  Mech Ageing Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Immunochemistry, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Amino Acids / metabolism*
Autophagy / physiology*
Caloric Restriction*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Astilbin prevents concanavalin A-induced liver injury by reducing TNF-alpha production and T lymphoc...
Next Document:  Copper ions and hypochlorite are mainly responsible for oxidative inactivation of paraoxon-hydrolyzi...