Document Detail


Autophagic activity in the mouse urinary bladder urothelium as a response to starvation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22407469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The urinary bladder urothelium is subjected to mechanical forces during cycles of distension and contraction, and its superficial cells are constantly flushed by toxic urine. Yet, the urothelium shows a very slow turnover of cells and superficial cells are extremely long lived. Autophagy has a well-known role in tissue homeostasis and serves as a protective mechanism against cellular stress. Therefore, the presence of autophagy as one of possible processes of survival in an unpleasant environment and during long lifetime of superficial cells was examined in mouse urothelium. We detected and evaluated autophagic activity of superficial urothelial cells under normal and stress conditions, caused by short-term starvation of newborn and 24-h-starved adult mice. Immunolabeling and Western blotting of essential effectors of autophagy, LC3 and Beclin 1, showed a weak signal in superficial urothelial cells. On the other hand, ultrastructural analysis, which proved to be the most reliable method in our study, revealed the presence of autophagic vacuoles, some of them containing specific urothelial structures, fusiform vesicles. Quantitative analysis showed increased autophagy in newborn and starved mice in comparison to a low basic level of autophagy in the urothelium of normal mice. Interestingly, some superficial cells of adults and neonates exhibit intense immunoreactions against LC3 and Beclin 1 and the typical ultrastructural characteristics of autophagy-dependent cell death. We conclude that autophagy, despite low basic activity under physiological conditions, plays an important role in urothelial homeostasis and stability under stress.
Authors:
Andreja Erman; Nataša Resnik; Rok Romih
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Protoplasma     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-6102     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806853     Medline TA:  Protoplasma     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Lipičeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia, andreja.erman@mf.uni-lj.si.
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