Document Detail


Autonomy, moral constraints, and markets in kidneys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19846479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article concerns the morality of establishing regulated kidney markets in an effort to reduce the chronic shortage of kidneys for transplant. The article tries to rebut the view, recently defended by James Taylor, that if we hold autonomy to be intrinsically valuable, then we should be in favor of such markets. The article then argues that, under current conditions, the buying and selling of organs in regulated markets would sometimes violate two Kantian principles that are seen as moral constraints. One principle forbids expressing disrespect for the dignity of humanity; the other forbids treating others merely as means. In light of the moral danger posed by regulated markets, the article advocates an alternative way of diminishing the current organ shortage, namely opt-out systems of cadaveric organ donation.
Authors:
Samuel J Kerstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of medicine and philosophy     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1744-5019     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Philos     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-20     Completed Date:  2010-02-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610512     Medline TA:  J Med Philos     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  573-85     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA. kerstein@umd.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Commerce / ethics*,  organization & administration
Compensation and Redress / ethics
Developing Countries
Humans
Kidney Transplantation / economics*
Living Donors / ethics*
Morals
Motivation
Personal Autonomy*
Philosophy*
Social Control Policies
Tissue and Organ Procurement / economics*,  ethics*,  organization & administration
Value of Life
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Med Philos. 2009 Dec;34(6):632-48   [PMID:  19880548 ]
J Med Philos. 2009 Dec;34(6):545-51   [PMID:  19846477 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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