Document Detail


Autonomic recovery from peak arm exercise in fit and unfit individuals with paraplegia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16826018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Altered autonomic cardiovascular control in persons with paraplegia may reflect peripheral sympathetic denervation caused by the injury or deconditioning due to skeletal muscle paralysis. Parameters of autonomic cardiovascular control may be improved in fit persons with paraplegia similar to effects reported in the noninjured population. PURPOSE: To determine differences in resting and recovery HR and cardiac autonomic control in fit and unfit individuals with paraplegia. METHODS: Eighteen healthy males with paraplegia below T6 were studied; nine participated in aerobic exercise conditioning (fit: >or=30 min.d, >or=3 d.wk, >or=6 months), and nine were sedentary (unfit). Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) was used to determine spectral power (ln transformed) in the high- (lnHF) and low-frequency (lnLF) bandwidths, and the LF/HF ratio was calculated. Data were collected at baseline (BL) and at 2, 10, 30, 60, and 90 min of recovery from peak arm cycle ergometry. RESULTS: The relative intensity achieved on the peak exercise test was comparable between the groups (i.e., 88% peak predicted HR). However, peak watts (P<0.001) and oxygen consumption (P<0.01) were higher in the fit compared with the unfit group (56 and 51%, respectively). Recovery lnHF was increased (P<0.05), and recovery lnLF (P<0.01) and LF/HF (P<0.05) were reduced in the fit compared with the unfit group. Mean recovery autonomic activity was not different from BL in the fit group. In the unfit group, mean recovery lnHF was reduced, and mean recovery lnLF and LF/HF remained elevated above BL. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that fit individuals with paraplegia have improved cardiac autonomic control during the postexercise recovery period compared with their unfit counterparts.
Authors:
Jill M Wecht; Robert Marsico; Joseph P Weir; Ann M Spungen; William A Bauman; Ronald E De Meersman
Related Documents :
12816748 - Cardiovascular autonomic function correlates with the response to aerobic training in h...
10378998 - Daily variation of particulate air pollution and poor cardiac autonomic control in the ...
19820988 - The relationship between resting heart rate variability and heart rate recovery.
20543218 - Effects of exercise training on heart-rate-variability indices in individuals with down...
19568198 - A mathematical model to describe fat oxidation kinetics during graded exercise.
14516158 - Effect of ingested heavy metals (cd, pb and hg) on haematology and serum biochemistry i...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-07     Completed Date:  2006-11-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1223-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
VA RR&D Service Center of Excellence, Bronx 10468, and Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. jm.wecht@med.va.gov
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arm*
Cardiac Output / physiology
Exercise Test*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic
Paraplegia*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Rest
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Tissue Doppler assessment of ventricular function during cycling in 7- to 12-yr-old boys.
Next Document:  Girls' activity levels and lesson contexts in middle school PE: TAAG baseline.