Document Detail


Autonomic nervous system and adrenergic receptors in chronic hypotensive haemodialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9175046     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of chronic hypotension (CH) in uraemia is not elucidated. The possible role of autonomic nervous system dysfunction and adrenoceptor alterations in the pathophysiology of CH in uraemia was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Seventeen hypotensive haemodialysis (HD) patients, 17 normotensive HD patients, and 17 control subjects were studied. We evaluated the integrity of the baroreflex arc (Valsalva manoeuvre), the parasympathetic efferent pathway ('deep-breathing test') and the sympathetic efferent pathway ('hand-grip test'). We also evaluated platelet alpha 2-adrenoceptor and lymphocyte beta 2-adrenoceptor densities (radioligand binding assay), and beta 2-adrenoceptor response (intracellular cAMP generation after isoproterenol stimulation in lymphocytes). RESULTS: Responses to the Valsalva manoeuvre and the deep-breathing test were altered in all HD patients (P < 0.05). Valvalva ratio was lower in hypotensive patients than in normotensive patients (P < 0.01), whereas the pressor response to the hand-grip test was reduced only in hypotensive HD patients (P < 0.01). In haemodialysed patients, basal mean blood pressure (MBP) correlated with MBP increases during the hand-grip exercise (r = 0.59, P < 0.01). Plasma catecholamine levels were elevated in both groups of patients (P < 0.025). Plasma adrenaline levels were higher in hypotensive HD patients than in normotensive patients (P < 0.05). alpha 2- and beta 2-adrenoceptor densities and beta 2-adrenoceptor response were reduced in hypotensive patients (P < 0.05 vs normotensive patients). MBP correlated with alpha 2-adrenoceptor (r = 0.46, P < 0.01) and beta 2-adrenoceptor (r = 0.43, P < 0.025) densities in HD patients. CONCLUSIONS: Normotensive haemodialysed patients have increased plasma catecholamine levels with preserved alpha 2- and beta 2-adrenoceptor numbers, as well as beta 2-adrenoceptor responses. In hypotensive patients, plasma adrenaline levels were even higher; the increased plasma catecholamine levels induced an alpha 2- and beta 2-adrenoceptor downregulation. This downregulation may play a role in the reduced cardiovascular responses to adrenergic stimuli reported in hypotensive HD patients.
Authors:
N Esforzado Armengol; A Cases Amenós; M Bono Illa; J Gaya Bertrán; J Calls Ginesta; F Rivera Fillat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0931-0509     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-13     Completed Date:  1997-08-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  939-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nephrology Unit, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Autonomic Nervous System / physiopathology*
Case-Control Studies
Down-Regulation
Epinephrine / blood
Female
Humans
Hypotension / etiology*,  metabolism,  physiopathology*
Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology,  therapy
Male
Middle Aged
Receptors, Adrenergic / metabolism*
Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2 / metabolism
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 / metabolism
Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Adrenergic; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

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