Document Detail


Autonomic dysfunction in ischemic stroke with carotid stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22077726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Xiong L, Leung HW, Chen XY, Han JH, Leung WH, Soo OY, Lau YL, Wong KS. Autonomic dysfunction in ischemic stroke with carotid stenosis. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2011.01617.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  Impaired autonomic function is common in acute ischemic stroke. Previous limited studies have suggested that atherosclerosis may affect the distensibility of the carotid sinus and then impair the cardiovascular autonomic function. This study sought to investigate cardiovascular autonomic function in patients with ischemic stroke with carotid stenosis. Methods -  Eighty-five patients with ischemic stroke (58 ones without carotid stenosis and 27 ones with carotid stenosis, average 6 months after stroke onset) and 37 elderly controls were recruited. All performed Ewing's battery autonomic function tests. Results -  From Ewing's battery of autonomic function tests, atypical, definite, or severe autonomic dysfunction was identified in 69.0% patients without carotid stenosis and 88.9% with carotid stenosis, with significant difference between the two groups, and the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction in both groups was higher than that in controls (21.6%). Patients with carotid stenosis showed impairment of all parasympathetic tests (all P < 0.05) and one of the sympathetic tests [Mean fall in systolic blood pressure (BP) on standing: P = 0.051], and those without carotid stenosis only showed impairment in two parasympathetic tests (Valsalva ratio: P = 0.014; heart rate response to deep breathing: P < 0.001) in comparison with controls. Patients with carotid stenosis had significantly more impairment than those without carotid stenosis in some autonomic parameters (Valsalva ratio: P < 0.05; mean fall in systolic BP on standing: P < 0.05). Conclusions -  Cardiovascular autonomic function is impaired in patients with ischemic stroke, but patients with carotid stenosis show more severely impaired parasympathetic and sympathetic functions.
Authors:
L Xiong; H W Leung; X Y Chen; J H Han; W H Leung; O Y Soo; Y L Lau; K S Wong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0404     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370336     Medline TA:  Acta Neurol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine & Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
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