Document Detail


Autonomic blockade by propranolol and atropine to study intrinsic myocardial function in man.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  5398888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Blockade of cardiac autonomic nervous activity by an intravenous injection of 0.2 mg/kg propranolol and 0.04 mg/kg atropine was used with cardiac catheterization to study intrinsic cardiac function in 47 patients with normal hearts and known graded myocardial disease. After blockade, significant hemodynamic abnormalities became apparent at rest in the majority of patients with known disease, many of whom had normal control findings. This occurred partly through a reduction in the normal range of cardiac function at rest, and partly through changes in the abnormalities associated with disease: after blockade, diseased hearts had normal stroke volumes, but beat more slowly, and had higher left ventricular filling pressures. The heart rate after blockade was fixed; this was defined as the intrinsic heart rate (IHR); it ranged from 57 to 126 beats/min in different patients. Both the IHR and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure after blockade were sensitively and quantitatively related to the severity of myocardial disease. When, after blockade, arterial pressure was raised by angiotensin, the IHR was unchanged; normal hearts maintained their stroke volume and increased stroke work; diseased hearts maintained stroke volume less well and stroke work was unchanged or fell. Abnormal ventricular responses corresponded well with abnormal ventricular function at rest. In different patients the IHR was significantly related to each available index of left ventricular function. Other studies in animals have shown that the IHR is closely related to intrinsic myocardial contractility in certain forms of experimental heart failure. An analogous relationship existing between the IHR and myocardial function in patients with heart disease is suggested as the explanation for the IHR/ventricular function relationship in this study. If so, the IHR may prove valuable as an index of myocardial function in man, since it can be measured simply and safely in clinical practice.
Authors:
A D Jose; R R Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical investigation     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0021-9738     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Invest.     Publication Date:  1969 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1971-01-28     Completed Date:  1971-01-28     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802877     Medline TA:  J Clin Invest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2019-31     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Atropine / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Autonomic Nervous System / drug effects*
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Volume
Heart / drug effects,  innervation*,  physiopathology*
Heart Diseases / physiopathology
Heart Rate*
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
Injections, Intravenous
Propranolol / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-55-8/Atropine; 525-66-6/Propranolol
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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