Document Detail


Autonomic function and cerebral autoregulation in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20689219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the first-line treatment in severe carotid stenosis to prevent stroke. Because of methodological limitations, the acute impact of CEA on baroreflex function and cerebral autoregulation is not well defined and was therefore investigated by applying a novel algorithm.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Systemic arterial blood pressure, ECG and respiration during metronomic breathing and Valsalva maneuver were continuously recorded in 18 patients with carotid stenosis before and after CEA, and in 10 healthy controls. Baroreflex sensitivity, frequency spectra of RR intervals and indices for cerebral autoregulation were evaluated by trigonometric regressive spectral analysis. Compared with the controls, patients had impaired baroreflex sensitivity. Baroreflex sensitivity and frequency spectra were not changed by CEA. Cerebral autoregulation of patients with carotid stenosis as calculated by phase shift was reduced compared with controls but it improved significantly after CEA. Improvement of cerebral autoregulation was independent of changes in cerebral blood flow velocity.
CONCLUSIONS: Baroreflex sensitivity and cerebral autoregulation are impaired in patients with carotid stenosis, conferring a high stroke risk. CEA improves cerebral autoregulation, but does not affect baroreflex sensitivity. For further risk reduction, interventional approaches targeting baroreflex function need to be considered. 
Authors:
Lars Mense; Manja Reimann; Heinz Rüdiger; Georg Gahn; Heinz Reichmann; Hjördis Hentschel; Tjalf Ziemssen
Related Documents :
18656199 - Direct numerical simulation of transitional flow in a stenosed carotid bifurcation.
15972709 - Doppler sonographic evaluation of cerebral blood flow in anemia resulting from chronic ...
24938399 - 3-nitropropionic acid-induced ischemia tolerance in the rat brain is mediated by reduce...
9385959 - Drug-induced vasodilation in an in vitro and in vivo study: the effects of nicardipine,...
24772429 - Cerebrovascular and neuroprotective effects of adamantane derivative.
15350569 - Compliance matching stent placement in the carotid artery of the swine promotes optimal...
238059 - The effect of sampling technique on some blood parameters in the rat.
4849 - Thiopental anaesthesia and the acid-base balance in the blood of experimental dogs.
15880479 - Blood flow in the skin of type 1 diabetic patients before and after combined pancreas/k...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1347-4820     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2139-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Autonomic and Neuroendocrinological Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Dresden University of Technology, School of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Circ J. 2010 Oct;74(10):2058-9   [PMID:  20838010 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Impact of aortic plaque morphology on survival rate and incidence of a subsequent embolic event – lo...
Next Document:  Gender differences in clinical and angiographic outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery.