Document Detail

Automatic tracking of individual migrating cells using low-magnification dark-field microscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22260196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Many fundamental biological processes, such as the search for food, immunological responses and wound healing, depend on cell migration. Video microscopy allows the magnitude and direction of cell migration to be documented. Here, we present a simple and inexpensive method for simultaneous tracking of hundreds of migrating cells over periods of several days. Low-magnification dark-field microscopy was used to visualize individual cells whereas time-lapse video images were acquired by computer for future analysis. We employed an automated tracking algorithm to identify individual cells on each video image allowing migration paths to be tracked using a nearest neighbour algorithm. To test the method, we followed the time-course of migration of 3T3 fibroblasts, endothelial cells and individual amoeba in the absence of any chemical stimulus gradient. All cell types showed a 'random walk' behaviour in which mean squared displacement in position increased linearly with time. We defined a 'migration coefficient' (D(mig) ), analogous to a diffusion coefficient, which gave an estimate of cell migration rate. D(mig) depended on cell type and temperature. When amoebas were made to undergo chemotaxis, the cells no longer followed a random walk but instead moved at a near constant velocity (V(av) ) towards the chemotactic stimulus.
T A Nenasheva; T Carter; G I Mashanov
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of microscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2818     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0204522     Medline TA:  J Microsc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors Journal of Microscopy © MRC National Institute for Medical Research.
MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London, United Kingdom.
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