Document Detail


Automatic processing of verbal emotion stimuli in schizophrenia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14527645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the present study, automatic processing of verbal emotion stimuli was investigated as a function of affective symptoms, emotional state and trait characteristics of chronic schizophrenia patients. A sequential pronunciation priming task was administered to 30 schizophrenia patients with a flat affect expression, 30 schizophrenia patients suffering from anhedonia, 28 schizophrenia patients not suffering from anhedonia or flat affect, and 30 healthy subjects to assess affective and semantic priming effects. The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (Andreasen, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1989, 155, 53-58) was applied to evaluate the flat affect and anhedonia, and to categorize patients into groups. Schizophrenia patients did not differ from healthy subjects in affective and semantic priming scores. However, affective priming based on positive primes was inversely correlated with negative state and trait affectivity, and positively correlated with trait joy in the patient sample. These results support the view that a decrement in automatic processing facilitation of positive valence might play a role in the development of negative emotions. The symptoms of flat affect and anhedonia do not appear to be associated with impairments in the automatic processing of verbal emotional material in schizophrenia.
Authors:
Thomas Suslow; Cornelia Roestel; Tim Droste; Volker Arolt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  120     ISSN:  0165-1781     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Res     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-06     Completed Date:  2004-03-11     Revised Date:  2008-04-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  131-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Str 11, Münster 48149, Germany. suslow@uni-muenster.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect*
Automatism*
Cognition*
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Female
Humans
Male
Perceptual Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology*
Questionnaires
Reaction Time
Schizophrenia / complications*,  diagnosis
Severity of Illness Index
Vocabulary*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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