Document Detail


Automatic imitation is automatic, but less so for narcissists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23187883     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Imitation is a fundamentally important human capability and has been the topic of considerable research in the behavioural sciences. One paradigm for investigating the basic nature of imitation is the "automatic imitation" paradigm. In this paradigm, participants are symbolically cued to make a particular response, whilst being incidentally exposed to a congruent or incongruent motor action performed by another person. The robust finding is that when the incidental action is incongruent with the cued action, participants are slower to respond than when it is congruent. Despite the name given to this paradigm, the extent to which the imitative tendency involved is actually automatic remains unclear. Here, we manipulated the probability of congruent and incongruent trials within blocks to assess the effects of expectation on the imitative process. In addition, we determined whether an individual difference variable related to how people process others' behaviour-narcissism-affected the automaticity of imitation. Our results confirm that imitation as observed in this paradigm is robust in the face of expectation. However, the degree to which expectation modulates automatic imitation was enhanced for individuals who scored higher on a narcissism inventory. Together, these results suggest that imitation in the automatic imitation paradigm is indeed largely automatic, but that individual differences in narcissism can change the extent to which imitative behaviour manifests.
Authors:
Jeremy Hogeveen; Sukhvinder S Obhi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  224     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-01     Completed Date:  2013-08-20     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Automatism / psychology*
Female
Humans
Imitative Behavior*
Individuality
Male
Middle Aged
Narcissism*
Predictive Value of Tests
Psychomotor Performance
Reaction Time / physiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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