Document Detail


Automatic Selection of Tube Potential for Radiation Dose Reduction in Vascular and Contrast-Enhanced Abdominopelvic CT.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23883244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to assess the ability of a novel automatic tube potential selection tool to reduce radiation dose while maintaining diagnostic quality in CT angiography (CTA) and contrast-enhanced abdominopelvic CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS. One hundred one CTA examinations and 90 contrastenhanced abdominopelvic examinations were performed using an automatic tube potential selection tool on a 128-MDCT scanner. Two vascular radiologists and two abdominal radiologists evaluated the image quality for sharpness, noise, artifact, and diagnostic confidence. In a subset of patients who had undergone prior studies (CTA, 28 patients; abdominopelvic CT, 25 patients), a side-by-side comparison was performed by a separate radiologist. Dose reduction and iodine contrast-to-noise ratio resulting from use of the tool were calculated. RESULTS. For CTA, 80 or 100 kV was selected for 73% of the scans, with a mean dose reduction of 36% relative to the reference 120-kV protocol. For abdominopelvic CT examinations, 80 or 100 kV was used for 55% of the scans, with a mean dose reduction of 25%. Overall dose reduction relative to the reference 120-kV protocol was 25% and 13% for CTA and abdominopelvic CT scans, respectively. Over 98% of scans had acceptable sharpness, noise texture, artifact, and diagnostic confidence for both readers and diagnostic tasks; 94-100% of scans had acceptable noise. Iodine contrast-to-noise ratio was significantly higher than (p < 0.001) or similar to (p = 0.11) that of prior scans, and equivalent quality was achieved despite the dose reduction. CONCLUSION. Automatic tube potential selection provides an efficient and quantitativeway to guide the selection of the optimal tube potential for CTA and abdominopelvic CT examinations.
Authors:
Lifeng Yu; Joel G Fletcher; Katharine L Grant; Rickey E Carter; David M Hough; John M Barlow; Terri J Vrtiska; Eric E Williamson; Phillip M Young; Brian C Goss; Maria Shiung; Shuai Leng; Ranier Raupach; Bernhard Schmidt; Thomas Flohr; Cynthia H McCollough
Related Documents :
19945044 - Utilization of advanced imaging technologies for target delineation in radiation oncology.
23832384 - An analysis of the anatomic features of the cervical spine using computed tomography to...
8458704 - How important is the scientific literature in guiding clinical decisions? the case of m...
24568114 - Spontaneous regression of lumbar hansen type 1 disk extrusion detected with magnetic re...
18727164 - Diffusion-weighted imaging of the entire spinal cord.
14599164 - Computed tomographic appearance of choanal atresia in an alpaca cria.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  201     ISSN:  1546-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  W297-306     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
1 Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Cystic renal cell carcinomas: do they grow, metastasize, or recur?
Next Document:  Effects of quality assurance regulatory enforcement on performance of mammography systems: evidence ...