Document Detail

Automatic CPAP Performance in Patients with Sleep Apnea Plus COPD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22497560     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Background: Automatic CPAP devices have demonstrated good results in obtaining optimal fixed CPAP pressure to eliminate respiratory events in patients with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). However, automatic CPAP has not been fully studied in patients with COPD plus SAHS. Objectives: To analyse the performance of an automatic CPAP in severe COPD patients compared with SAHS patients with no associated co-morbidity. Methods: We compared 10 consecutive patients with SAHS and no associated co-morbidity and 10 patients with SAHS plus severe COPD who required CPAP titration. Automatic CPAP performance was studied during full-night PSG. Inadequate pressure increase periods, absence of pressure increases in reaction to respiratory events, air leak periods, and pressure behaviour in the face of erratic breathing periods were analysed. Results: The SAHS patients without co-morbidities vs. SAHS plus COPD patients presented: mean sleep efficiency, 80.2 (11.5)% vs. 76.5 (12.1)%; residual AHI, 6.3 (5.2) vs. 5.1 (7.7); residual CT90, 1 (3)% vs. 14 (1)%. The device´s performance demonstrates a mean of 1.2 (1.5) vs. 1.3 (1.2) periods of inadequate pressure increases; absence of pressure increases in reaction to respiratory events, 4.1 (5.4) vs. 0.6 (0.7) times; periods of air leaks, 1.3 (3.8) vs. 13.9 (11.7); mean optimal pressure, 9.1 (1.4) vs. 9.0 (1.9) cm H(2)O. Conclusion: Titration with automatic CPAP could be as effective in patients with SAHS plus severe COPD as in patients with SAHS without COPD. However, the presence of more leakages must be taken into account.
Arnoldo Guerrero; J M Montserrat; Ramon Farre; Fernando Masa; Joaquín Duran; Cristina Embid
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  COPD     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1541-2563     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101211769     Medline TA:  COPD     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Sleep Laboratory, Servei de Pneumologia i Al.lèrgia Respiratòria, Hospital Clinic-IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain.
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