Document Detail

Autoimmunity in dengue pathogenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23332423     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Dengue is one of the most important vector-borne viral diseases. With climate change and the convenience of travel, dengue is spreading beyond its usual tropical and subtropical boundaries. Infection with dengue virus (DENV) causes diseases ranging widely in severity, from self-limited dengue fever to life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Vascular leakage, thrombocytopenia, and hemorrhage are the major clinical manifestations associated with severe DENV infection, yet the mechanisms remain unclear. Besides the direct effects of the virus, immunopathogenesis is also involved in the development of dengue disease. Antibody-dependent enhancement increases the efficiency of virus infection and may suppress type I interferon-mediated antiviral responses. Aberrant activation of T cells and overproduction of soluble factors cause an increase in vascular permeability. DENV-induced autoantibodies against endothelial cells, platelets, and coagulatory molecules lead to their abnormal activation or dysfunction. Molecular mimicry between DENV proteins and host proteins may explain the cross-reactivity of DENV-induced autoantibodies. Although no licensed dengue vaccine is yet available, several vaccine candidates are under development. For the development of a safe and effective dengue vaccine, the immunopathogenic complications of dengue disease need to be considered.
Shu-Wen Wan; Chiou-Feng Lin; Trai-Ming Yeh; Ching-Chuan Liu; Hsiao-Sheng Liu; Shuying Wang; Pin Ling; Robert Anderson; Huan-Yao Lei; Yee-Shin Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0929-6646     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Formos. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214933     Medline TA:  J Formos Med Assoc     Country:  China (Republic : 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan, Taiwan; Center of Infectious Disease and Signaling Research, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
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