Document Detail

Autoimmune pancreatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19122500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is an increasingly recognized clinical condition. Our objective is to provide a concise review of the advances in the past year in our understanding of AIP. RECENT FINDINGS: In a hospital survey from Japan, the prevalence of AIP was estimated at 0.82 per 100,000 individuals. The pathogenesis of AIP remains unclear but a recent report noted that T helper type 2 and T regulatory cells predominantly mediate the immune reaction in AIP. Genetic associations that may predispose to relapse of AIP were reported. Multiple case series further described the clinical profile of AIP and its extrapancreatic manifestations. A large series on immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-associated cholangitis noted that patients with IgG4-associated cholangitis presented with obstructive jaundice and had increased serum IgG4 levels and IgG4-positive cells in bile duct biopsy specimens. Tissue IgG4 staining is likely to be a useful adjunct to serological diagnosis. AIP is steroid-responsive but maintaining remission continues to remain challenging. Presently low-dose steroids or immunomodulators are being used but efficacy of these medications remains to be determined. SUMMARY: There has been significant progress in understanding the clinical profile of AIP but knowledge of pathogenesis remains limited. Treatment practices vary widely and management of refractory disease continues to be challenging.
Rahul Pannala; Suresh T Chari
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in gastroenterology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1531-7056     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-05     Completed Date:  2009-04-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506887     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Gastroenterol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  591-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Miles and Shirley Fiterman Center for Digestive Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Autoimmune Diseases / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  therapy
Biological Markers / analysis
Biopsy, Needle
Diagnostic Imaging / methods
Immunoglobulin G / metabolism*
Pancreatitis / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  immunology*,  therapy
Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Immunoglobulin G

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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