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Autoantibodies to erythropoietin receptor in patients with immune-mediated diseases: relationship to anaemia with erythroid hypoplasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151030     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The prevalence, clinical associations and pathogenic role of newly identified autoantibodies to the erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) in patients with anaemia were investigated. Sera from 203 patients with immune-related or chronic kidney diseases were screened for anti-EPOR antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and antibody specificity was evaluated by immunoprecipitating EPOR from AS-E2 cells using purified immunoglobulin (Ig) fractions. In addition, the pathogenic role of anti-EPOR antibodies was determined by examining their inhibitory effects on AS-E2 cell proliferation. Clinical findings were compared between patients with and without anti-EPOR antibodies, in all patients and those with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Serum anti-EPOR antibodies were detected in 52 patients. Purified IgG or IgM fractions from anti-EPOR antibody-positive sera immunoprecipitated EPOR and inhibited the EPO-dependent proliferation of AS-E2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Anti-EPOR antibodies were associated with low haemoglobin concentrations and reticulocytopenia in all patients enrolled and those with SLE. Further, there was a negative correlation between the levels of anti-EPOR antibodies and the number of bone marrow erythroblasts in patients who underwent bone marrow examinations. These findings suggest that EPOR autoantibodies are present in a subset of patients with anaemia and that impaired erythropoiesis can be mediated by anti-EPOR antibodies, which functionally neutralize EPO activity.
Authors:
Akinori Hara; Kengo Furuichi; Masato Higuchi; Yasunori Iwata; Norihiko Sakai; Shuichi Kaneko; Takashi Wada
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of haematology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2141     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Haematol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372544     Medline TA:  Br J Haematol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Division of Nephrology, Kanazawa University Hospital, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan; Department of Disease Control and Homeostasis, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.
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