Document Detail

Augmented hypoxic cerebral vasodilation in men during 5 days at 3,810 m altitude.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8926248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The fractional increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity (VCBF) from the control value with 5-min steps of isocapnic hypoxia and hyperoxic hypercapnia was measured by transcranial Doppler in six sea-level native men before and during a 5-day sojourn at 3,810 m altitude to determine whether cerebral vasoreactivity to low arterial O2 saturation (SaO2) gradually increased [as does the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR)] or diminished (adapted, in concert with known slow fall of CBF) at altitude. A control resting PCO2 value was chosen each day during preliminary hyperoxia to set ventilation at 140 for this and the parallel HVR study, attempting to establish control cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain extracellular fluid pH values unaltered by acclimatization. The relationship of CBF to SaO2 was nonlinear, steepening at a lower SaO2. A hyperbolic equation was used to describe hypoxic cerebrovascular reactivity: fractional VCBF = x[60/ (SaO2-40)-1], where X is the fractional increase of VCBF at 70%.X rose from 0.346 +/- 0.104 (SD) at sea level to 0.463 +/- 0.084 on altitude day 5 (P < 0.05 by paired t-test, justified by the a priori experimental plan). For comparison with CO2 sensitivity, from these X values, we estimate the rise in CBF in response to a 1% fall in SaO2 at 80% to be 1.30% at sea level and 1.74% after 5 days at altitude. CBF sensitivity to increased end-tidal PCO2 rose from 4.01 +/- 0.62%/Torr at sea level to 5.12 +/- 0.79%/Torr on day 5 (P < 0.05), as expected, at the lower PCO2 due to the logarithmic relationship of PCO2 to CSF pH. This change was not significant after correction to log PCO2. We conclude that the cerebral vascular response to acute isocapnic hypoxia may increase during acclimatization at high altitude. The mechanism is unknown but is presumably unrelated to the parallel carotid chemosensitization that, in these subjects, increased the HVR by 60% in the same 5-day period from 0.91 +/- 0.38 to 1.46 +/- 0.59 l.min-1.% fall in SaO2-1).
J B Jensen; B Sperling; J W Severinghaus; N A Lassen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  80     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-27     Completed Date:  1996-11-27     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1214-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
Hypercapnia / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Time Factors

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