Document Detail


Auditory priming: implicit and explicit memory for words and voices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1402716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Five experiments explore priming effects on auditory identification and completion tasks as a function of semantic and nonsemantic encoding tasks and whether speaker's voice is same or different at study and test. Auditory priming was either unaffected by the study task manipulation (Experiments 2, 4, and 5) or was less affected than was explicit memory (Experiments 1 and 3). Study-to-test changes of speaker's voice had nonsignificant effects on priming when white noise masked target items on the identification test (Experiments 1 and 2) or the stem-completion test (Experiment 5). However, significant voice change effects were observed on priming of completion performance when stems were spoken clearly (Experiments 3 and 4). Results are consistent with the idea that a presemantic auditory perceptual representation system plays an important role in the observed priming. Alternative explanations of the presence or absence of voice change effects under different task conditions are considered.
Authors:
D L Schacter; B A Church
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0278-7393     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-10-28     Completed Date:  1992-10-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207540     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  915-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Association Learning
Attention*
Humans
Mental Recall*
Retention (Psychology)
Semantics
Speech Acoustics
Speech Perception*
Verbal Learning*
Voice Quality*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-8441//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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