Document Detail

Auditory context and memory retrieval in young infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9418225     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three-month-old infants were trained to move an overhead crib mobile while 1 of 2 musical selections was played. Retention was assessed 1 or 7 days later in the presence of either the same music or a different musical selection. In Experiment 1, the musical selections were very different (classical versus jazz); in Experiment 2, they were much more similar (two classical pieces). Infants in both experiments displayed 1 day retention regardless of which music was played during the retention test. At 7 days, retention was seen only when the music played during the retention test matched the training music. These data are consistent with similar findings showing that 3-month-old infants' memory is disrupted at long retention intervals when the context present during retention testing does not match the learning context. As the infant's memory wanes, context appears to function as a necessary cue for the retrieval of acquired expectancies.
J Fagen; J Prigot; M Carroll; L Pioli; A Stein; A Franco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-02     Completed Date:  1998-02-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1057-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, St. John's University, Jamaica, NY 11439, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Association Learning*
Auditory Perception*
Child Psychology*
Conditioning (Psychology)
Memory, Short-Term
Mental Recall*
Pitch Discrimination
Psychomotor Performance*
Grant Support

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