Document Detail

Audit incorporating avoidability and appropriate intervention can significantly decrease perinatal mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7777960     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of the ICA (Identification, Cause, Avoidable factor) Solution method of perinatal audit in reducing perinatal mortality.
DESIGN: Retrospective audit of 1,060 perinatal deaths between 1 January 1991 and 31 December 1992.
SETTING: Livingstone Hospital Maternity Service.
SUBJECTS: One thousand and sixty perinatal deaths, where the gestational age exceeded 28 weeks or, when gestational age was unknown, the birth weight was equal to or exceeded 1,000 g.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All perinatal deaths were identified and classified by primary obstetric cause for perinatal loss. In the second year of the study avoidable factors were sought and, if found, graded and categorised.
RESULTS: The major primary obstetric causes of perinatal loss identified and amenable to intervention were intrapartum trauma, intrapartum asphyxia and infection. In the second year of study potentially avoidable factors were sought and identified in almost 50% of perinatal deaths. Appropriate intervention lowered the perinatal mortality rate by 23% (P < 0.05; odds ratio 0.76; 95% confidence interval 0.67-0.86).
CONCLUSION: The ICA Solution method of perinatal audit identified problems in overall obstetric care, facilitating a significant fall in perinatal mortality.
H R Ward; G R Howarth; O J Jennings; R C Pattinson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0256-9574     ISO Abbreviation:  S. Afr. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1995 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-13     Completed Date:  1995-07-13     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404520     Medline TA:  S Afr Med J     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death*
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Medical Audit / methods*
Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control*
South Africa

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