Document Detail


Audiovisual material as educational innovation strategy to reduce anxiety response in students of human anatomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21678089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study presents the design, effect and utility of using audiovisual material containing real images of dissected human cadavers as an innovative educational strategy (IES) in the teaching of Human Anatomy. The goal is to familiarize students with the practice of dissection and to transmit the importance and necessity of this discipline, while modulating their anxiety. The study included 303 first-year Human Anatomy students, randomly assigned to two groups (Traditional and Educational Innovation). Their state of anxiety was measured using the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory. Repeated measures ANOVA with between-subject factors was applied. The between-subject factor was Educational Innovation (EI). Two levels were established for this factor. The within-subject factor was Time, four levels being considered here. The results show that the effects of the Educational Innovation factor, Time factor and EI × Time interaction were statistically significant. These results provide an additional element of efficacy to the use of videos as an IES. That is, the use of video material as an introduction into an anxiety-provoking situation which resembles real-life viewing and interaction with human cadavers for the first time significantly diminishes the anticipatory reaction of dread against which novel students have not had the opportunity to develop any cognitive strategy of emotional control.
Authors:
María Isabel Casado; Gloria Castaño; Luis Alfonso Arráez-Aybar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-1677     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612021     Medline TA:  Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Basic Psychology II (Cognitive Processes), Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University, 28040, Madrid, Spain, micasado@psi.ucm.es.
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