Document Detail

Audiocardiography in the cardiovascular evaluation of the morbidly obese.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20618361     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Morbid obesity is believed to limit cardiovascular auscultation. We compared audiocardiography to senior attending physicians using conventional stethoscopes in 190 individuals with morbid obesity. Overall, there were 128 (67.4%) women and 62 (32.6%) men with mean ages of 44.9 +/- 12.3 and 51.3 +/- 10.8 , respectively (P = 0.001). The overall body mass index (BMI) was 47.3 +/- 8.5 kg m(-2). Of those with an S(3) by audiocardiography (n = 7), one had a history of coronary artery disease (CAD), none had a history of heart failure, and one had a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%. The mean LVEF was 58.6 +/- 9.9 versus 61.6 +/- 5.3 for those with and without an S(3) by audiocardiography (P = 0.16). By contrast, of those (n = 6) with an S(3) by stethoscope, one had a history of CAD, two had histories of heart failure, and 3 had LVEF < 45%. The mean LVEF of those with and without S(3) by stethoscope was 53.7 +/- 2.3 and 61.6 +/- 5.5%, respectively (P = 0.02). There were 40 (21.1%) patients with an S(4) (S(4) strength >5) identified by acoustic cardiography while there were 42 (22.1%) heard by the stethoscope and it was heard with both methods in nine patients (21.4% concordance). There were no significant correlations between BMI or peak oxygen consumption and S(3) or S(4) strength by audiocardiography. Acoustic cardiography performed with an electronic device was not helpful in assisting the cardiovascular examination of the morbidly obese. These data suggest the careful clinical exam with attention to traditional cardiac auscultation using a stethoscope in a quiet room should remain the gold standard.
Peter A McCullough; Melissa Zerka; Esther Heimbach; Maria Musialcyzk; Thomas Spring; Adam dejong; Syed S Jafri; Catherine Coleman; Tamika Washington; Shaheena Raheem; Thomas Vanhecke; Kerstyn C Zalesin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical physiology and functional imaging     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1475-097X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-10     Completed Date:  2010-12-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137604     Medline TA:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  369-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Division of Nutrition and Preventive Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Echocardiography, Doppler
Exercise Test
Heart Auscultation* / instrumentation
Heart Rate
Middle Aged
Obesity, Morbid / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Phonocardiography* / instrumentation
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Stroke Volume
Ventricular Function, Left

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