Document Detail


Atypical dermatophilosis of sheep in Kenya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18237045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An outbreak of an atypical form of ovine dermatophilosis affecting the lips and muzzle with a very high morbidity in weaners and hoggets in Kenya is reported. Clinical diagnosis of ovine dermatophilosis was made and confirmed by direct microscopic examination as well as isolation and identification of Dermatophilus congolensis from scab material from the affected sheep. The morbidity rate within the flock was 31.8% (237/745) with 98.3% (233/237) of the affected sheep being weaners and hoggets. No fatalities were recorded. The lesions, confined in the lips and the muzzle, were swelling of both the upper and lower lips, circumscribed lumps in the skin of both the upper and lower lips, oedema of the head and the submandibular area and scabs and crusts on the lips and muzzle. Within 1 week following treatment with long acting oxytetracycline (20%) at a rate of 20 mg/kg body weight, intramuscularly and a topical application of oxytetracycline spray, lumps regressed in size and were covered by dark-brown scabs. Removal of the dark-brown scabs revealed erythematous areas covered with purulent material and horny erythematous projections (papillae) projecting from the surfaces. Within the 2nd week, the horny erythematous projections formed greyish scabs, which later peeled off leaving alopaecic areas around the lips. The paper highlights atypical dermatophilosis of sheep and we believe that this is the first published report of an outbreak of ovine dermatophilosis in Kenya.
Authors:
J K Wabacha; C M Mulei; N P Gitonga; M J Njenga; A G Thaiyah; J Nduhiu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1019-9128     ISO Abbreviation:  J S Afr Vet Assoc     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-01     Completed Date:  2008-03-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503122     Medline TA:  J S Afr Vet Assoc     Country:  South Africa    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  178-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya. wabachajames@uonbi.ac.ke
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Actinomycetales / isolation & purification
Actinomycetales Infections / drug therapy,  epidemiology,  pathology,  veterinary*
Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary
Female
Kenya
Male
Oxytetracycline / therapeutic use*
Sheep
Sheep Diseases / drug therapy,  epidemiology*,  pathology
Skin Diseases, Bacterial / drug therapy,  epidemiology,  pathology,  veterinary*
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 79-57-2/Oxytetracycline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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