Document Detail

Attributional styles and stress-related atherogenic plasma lipid reactivity in essential hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24913342     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension and an atherogenic lipid profile are known risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Hypertensives show greater changes in atherogenic plasma lipids to acute stress than normotensives. In this study, we investigated whether attribution of failure is associated with lipid stress reactivity in hypertensive compared with normotensive men.
METHODS: 18 normotensive and 17 hypertensive men (mean±SEM; 45±2.2years) underwent an acute standardized psychosocial stress task that can be viewed as a situation of experimentally induced failure. We assessed external-stable (ES), external-variable (EV), internal-stable (IS), and internal-variable (IV) attribution of failure and psychological control variables (i.e. extent of depression and neuroticism). Moreover, total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and norepinephrine were measured immediately before and several times after stress.
RESULTS: ES moderated TC- and LDL-C-stress reactivity in hypertensives as compared to normotensives (interaction mean arterial pressure [MAP]-by-ES for TC: F=3.71, p=.015; for LDL-C: F=3.61, p=.016). TC and LDL-C levels were highest in hypertensives with low ES immediately after stress (p≤.039). In contrast, hypertensives with high ES did not differ from normotensives in TC and LDL-C immediately after stress (p's>.28). Controlling for norepinephrine, depression, and neuroticism in addition to age and BMI did not significantly change results. There were no significant associations between lipid baseline levels or aggregated lipid secretion and IS, IV, or EV (p's>.23).
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that ES may independently protect from elevated lipid stress reactivity in hypertensive individuals. ES thus might be a protective factor against CHD in hypertension.
Ulrike Kuebler; Manuel Trachsel; Roland von Känel; Elvira Abbruzzese; Ulrike Ehlert; Petra H Wirtz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-04-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1879-1360     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-06-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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