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Attitudes toward menstruation in females with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders in Taiwan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23205628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT Objective The aims of this cross-sectional, case-controlled, observational study were to examine attitudes toward menstruation between female patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and a control group, and to explore the associations between attitudes toward menstruation and psychopathology, menstrual regularity during antipsychotic treatment, and menstrual distress symptoms. Methods Fifty-eight patients treated with anti-psychotic medications for at least the previous six months were placed in irregular (irregular menstrual cycle) (n=31) and regular (regular menstrual cycle) (n=27) groups. Sixty-two, age-matched, healthy female participants with regular menstruation cycles were enrolled as a control group. Psychopathology was assessed by psychiatrists using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). The Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire (MAQ) was used to assess attitudes toward menstruation, and symptom checklists based on the Moos Menstruation Distress Questionnaire (MMDQ) were used to assess menstrual distress symptoms. Results Patients with psychotic disorders (both irregular and regular groups) had more negative attitudes toward menstruation than the control group. In the Schizophrenia group, there was no association between the severity of psychotic symptoms and their influence on attitudes toward menstruation. Moreover, regular menstrual cycles during antipsychotic treatment and fewer menstrual distress symptoms were the two main predictors for more positive attitudes toward menstruation in the patient group. Conclusion This is one of the first studies to explore the relationship between psychotic symptoms and attitudes toward menstruation. The findings provide more support for the assumption that attitudes toward menstruation are derived from a woman's perception of her bodily experience rather than a psychiatric disorder.
Authors:
Hsin-Yi Liang; Li-Wei Lee; Brent A Kelsen; Shih-Chieh Hsu; Chia-Yih Liu; Ching-Yen Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Climacteric : the journal of the International Menopause Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-0804     ISO Abbreviation:  Climacteric     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9810959     Medline TA:  Climacteric     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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