Document Detail


Attitudes and beliefs toward lung cancer screening among US Veterans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23764896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death for veterans cared for by the US Veterans Health Administration. The LC burden among veterans is almost double that of the general population. Before implementation of an LC screening program, we set out to assess the role of beliefs and attitudes toward LC screening among veterans.
METHODS: Veterans presenting to the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center were invited to complete a self-administered survey. The survey comprised questions about demographics, smoking status, health status, and knowledge about LC and willingness to be screened. Responses from veteran ever and never smokers were compared.
RESULTS: A total of 209 veterans completed the survey. Smokers were significantly (P < .05) more likely than never smokers to be less educated, have a lower income, and report poorer health. Smokers were more likely than never smokers to have two or more comorbidities, which trended toward significance (P = .062). Smokers were more likely to have been told by a physician that they were at high risk for LC and to believe that they were at risk. Nearly all veterans surveyed (92.8%) would have a CT scan for LC screening, and 92.4% would have surgery for a screen-detected LC.
CONCLUSIONS: Veterans are overwhelmingly willing to undergo screening for LC, and it seems that participation will not be a barrier to implementation of an LC screening program. The mortality benefit of LC screening, however, may not be generalizable to the veteran population because of a higher number of comorbid conditions.
Authors:
Nichole T Tanner; Leonard E Egede; Clayton Shamblin; Mulugeta Gebregziabher; Gerard A Silvestri
Related Documents :
24971196 - Cervical cancer: community perception and preventive practices in an urban neighborhood...
23383666 - Somatization and somatic symptom presentation in cancer: a neglected area.
9552086 - Predictors of adverse outcome in cancer patients with candidemia.
23775966 - Evaluation of human papillomavirus antibodies and risk of subsequent head and neck cancer.
19549286 - Assessing the unmet supportive care needs of newly diagnosed patients with cancer.
24434186 - Physical activity and risk of gastric cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  144     ISSN:  1931-3543     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-03     Completed Date:  2014-03-13     Revised Date:  2014-05-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1783-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Attitude to Health*
Culture*
Data Collection
Early Detection of Cancer / psychology*
Female
Health Status
Humans
Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*,  etiology,  psychology*
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Participation
Questionnaires
Self Report
Smoking / adverse effects
United States
Veterans / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K24 DK093699/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Chest. 2013 Dec;144(6):1749-50   [PMID:  24297116 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Defective canalicular transport and toxicity of dietary ursodeoxycholic acid in the abcb11-/- mouse:...
Next Document:  HPV16 activates the AIM2 inflammasome in keratinocytes.