Document Detail


Attenuation of plasma annexin A1 in human obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23038751     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Obesity-related metabolic disorders are characterized by mild chronic inflammation, leukocyte infiltration, and tissue fibrosis as a result of adipocytokine production from the expanding white adipose tissue. Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is an endogenous glucocorticoid regulated protein, which modulates systemic anti-inflammatory processes and, therefore, may be altered with increasing adiposity in humans. Paradoxically, we found that plasma AnxA1 concentrations inversely correlated with BMI, total percentage body fat, and waist-to-hip ratio in human subjects. Plasma AnxA1 was also inversely correlated with plasma concentrations of the acute-phase protein, C-reactive protein (CRP), and the adipocytokine leptin, suggesting that as systemic inflammation increases, anti-inflammatory AnxA1 is reduced. In addition, AnxA1 gene expression and protein were significantly up-regulated during adipogenesis in a human adipocyte cell line compared to vehicle alone, demonstrating for the first time that AnxA1 is expressed and excreted from human adipocytes. These data demonstrate a failure in the endogenous anti-inflammatory system to respond to increasing systemic inflammation resulting from expanding adipose tissue, a condition strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. These data raise the possibility that a reduction in plasma AnxA1 may contribute to the chronic inflammatory phenotype observed in human obesity.-Kosicka, A., Cunliffe, A. D., Mackenzie, R., Gulrez Zariwala, M., Perretti, M., Flower, R. J., Renshaw, D. Attenuation of plasma annexin A1 in human obesity.
Authors:
Anna Kosicka; Adam D Cunliffe; Richard Mackenzie; M Gulrez Zariwala; Mauro Perretti; Roderick J Flower; Derek Renshaw
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-6860     ISO Abbreviation:  FASEB J.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804484     Medline TA:  FASEB J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
*Department of Human and Health Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Westminster, London, UK;
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