Document Detail


Attenuation of myocardial injury by postconditioning: role of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19597757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Postconditioning (PostC) has regenerated interest as a mechanical intervention against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, but its molecular mechanisms remain elusive. This study tested the hypothesis that hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) plays a role in PostC-induced cardioprotection. Male Wistar rats were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 3 h of reperfusion (Control). PostC with 3 cycles of 10 s reperfusion and 10 s re-occlusion was applied at the onset of reperfusion. Relative to the Sham group, HIF-1alpha protein level was increased by 2.9-fold in the Control group, but its level was enhanced by 5.8-fold with PostC (P < 0.01 vs. Control). However, HIF-1alpha protein level was further augmented by 2.0-fold and 3.3-fold, respectively, when the prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG, 40 mg/kg, i.p.) was given at 24 h before ischemia in both Control and PostC groups. PostC reduced infarct size by 24% compared with the Control (27 +/- 4.2% vs. 36 +/- 5.2%, P < 0.01), consistent with significant lower levels of plasma creatine kinase activity, index of cardiomyocyte apoptosis and caspase-3 activity. Although pretreatment with DMOG significantly reduced infarct size relative to the Control, the infarct-sparing effect of PostC was remarkably enhanced when DMOG was given before PostC (18 +/- 2.0% vs. 27 +/- 4.2% in PostC alone, P < 0.05). There was a significant linear inverse relationship between HIF-1alpha protein level and infarct size (r = -0.799, P < 0.01) among all groups. Furthermore, along with up-regulated HIF-1alpha expression, the levels of iNOS mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the PostC alone and DMOG plus PostC groups. In conclusion, these data suggest that HIF-1alpha is involved in cardioprotection by PostC and pharmacological augmentation of HIF-1alpha expression that enhances the infarct-sparing effect of PostC; iNOS, the downstream gene of HIF-1alpha, may participate in signaling pathways in mediating PostC's protection.
Authors:
Huan-Xin Zhao; Xiao-Liang Wang; Ye-Hong Wang; Ye Wu; Xiao-Yu Li; Xiao-Ping Lv; Zhi-Qing Zhao; Rong-Rui Zhao; Hui-Rong Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1435-1803     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Res. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Shanxi Medical University, 56 South Xinjian Road, 030001, Taiyuan, Shanxi, People's Republic of China.
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