Document Detail

Attenuation of left ventricular adverse remodeling with epicardial patching after myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20610235     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that epicardial patch applied to the infarcted site after acute myocardial infarction (MI) can alleviate left ventricular (LV) remodeling and improve cardiac performance; however, the effects of regional epicardial patch on chronic phase of LV remodeling remain unclear.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 20 pigs with MI induced by distal embolization and impaired LV ejection fraction (LVEF < 45%) as detected by gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Eight weeks post-MI, all animal underwent open chest procedure for sham surgery (control, n = 12) or patch implantation over the infarcted lateral LV wall (patch group, n = 12). In the patch group, +dP/dt increased and LV end-diastolic pressure decreased at 20 weeks compared with immediately post-MI and at 8 weeks (P < .05), but not in the control group (P > .05). As determined by cardiac MRI, LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes increased at 20 weeks compared with 8 weeks in both groups (P < .05). However, the increase in LV end-diastolic volume (+14.1 +/- 1.8% vs. +6.6 +/- 2.1%, P = .015) and LV end-systolic volume (+12.1 +/- 2.4% vs. -4.7 +/- 3.7%, P = .0015) were significantly greater in the control group compared with the patch group. Furthermore, the percentage increase in LVEF (+17.3 +/- 4.9% vs. +4.1 +/- 3.9%, P = .048) from 8 to 20 weeks was significantly greater in the patch group compared with the control group. Histological examination showed that LV wall thickness at the infarct region and adjacent peri-infarct regions were significantly greater in the patch group compared with the control group (P < .05).
CONCLUSION: Regional application of a simple, passive synthetic epicardial patch increased LV wall thickness at the infarct region, attenuated LV dilation, and improved LVEF and +dP/dt in a large animal model of MI.
Song-Yan Liao; Chung-Wah Siu; Yuan Liu; Yuelin Zhang; Wing-Sze Chan; Ed X Wu; Yin Wu; John M Nicholls; Ronald A Li; Michael E Benser; Stuart P Rosenberg; Euljoon Park; Chu-Pak Lau; Hung-Fat Tse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-04-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiac failure     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1532-8414     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Card. Fail.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9442138     Medline TA:  J Card Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  590-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
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