Document Detail


Attentional selection within and across hemispheres: implications for the perceptual load theory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23187885     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The perceptual load of a given task affects attentional selection, with the selection occurring earlier when the load is high and later when the load is low. Recent evidence suggests that local competitive interaction may underlie the perceptual load effect and determine to what extent a task-irrelevant distractor is processed. Here, we asked participants to search for a target bar among homogeneously oriented bars (the low load conditions) or heterogeneously oriented bars (the high load conditions) in the central display, while ignoring a congruent or incongruent flanker bar presented to the left or right side of the central display, or a bar presented at one of the six positions outer to the central display. Importantly, we differentiated conditions in which the target in the central display and the peripheral flanker was presented within the same hemifield or across different hemifields. Results showed a significant flanker effect for the low load condition, but not for the high load condition, when the target and the flanker were across hemifields. However, when the target and the flanker were presented within the same hemifield, there was no flanker effect for either low or high load conditions. These findings demonstrate that the ability to ignore the task-irrelevant distractor is affected by local competition within hemisphere and that the perceptual load theory needs to be supplemented with detailed analysis of cognitive processes and mechanisms underlying the consumption of attentional resources.
Authors:
Ping Wei; Guanlan Kang; Xiaolin Zhou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  225     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-11     Completed Date:  2013-07-22     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Attention / physiology*
Female
Functional Laterality / physiology*
Humans
Male
Photic Stimulation
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Reaction Time / physiology
Visual Fields
Visual Perception / physiology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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