Document Detail

Attention training to reduce attention bias and social stressor reactivity: an attempt to replicate and extend previous findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22466022     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cognitive theories suggest that social anxiety is maintained, in part, by an attentional bias toward threat. Recent research shows that a single-session of attention modification training (AMP) reduces attention bias and vulnerability to a social stressor (Amir, Weber, Beard, Bomyea, & Taylor, 2008). In addition, exercise may augment the effects of attention training by its direct effects on attentional control and inhibition, thereby allowing participants receiving the AMP to more effectively disengage attention from the threatening cues and shift attention to the neutral cues. We attempted to replicate and extend previous findings by randomizing participants (N = 112) to a single-session of: a) Exercise + attention training (EX + AMP); b) Rest + attention training (REST + AMP); c) Exercise + attention control condition (EX + ACC); or d) Rest + attention control condition (REST + ACC) prior to completing a public speaking challenge. We used identical assessment and training procedures to those employed by Amir et al. (2008). Results showed there was no effect of attention training on attention bias or anxiety reactivity to the speech challenge and no interactive effects of attention training and exercise on attention bias or anxiety reactivity to the speech challenge. The failure to replicate previous findings is discussed.
Kristin Julian; Courtney Beard; Norman B Schmidt; Mark B Powers; Jasper A J Smits
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2012-03-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1873-622X     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-16     Completed Date:  2012-07-23     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  350-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / prevention & control,  psychology*
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Exercise / psychology*
Middle Aged
Social Behavior
Stress, Psychological / prevention & control,  psychology*
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Grant Support
R01 DA027533/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA027533-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA027533-02/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA027533-03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

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