Document Detail

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16245986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and determinants of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among school children in Kinshasa, an African urban setting.
METHODS: The 18-items of the Disruptive Behaviour Disorder rating scale (DBD), which is based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for mental disorders 4(th) edition (DSM-IV), were used to investigate the presence of ADHD symptoms. Parents interviews, using a questionnaire specially designed for the study, were performed to identify socio-demographic characteristics. All children were subject to a clinical examination.
RESULTS: The estimated prevalence of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms was 6%. Those with family health problems, younger age at start of primary school, good nutritional status and poor school performance more often had DSM-IV ADHD symptoms.
CONCLUSION: ADHD symptoms are as common among school children in Kinshasa as elsewhere. The socio-demographic factors described as risk factors for ADHD in high-income countries were not identified in this study.
E Kashala; T Tylleskar; I Elgen; K T Kayembe; K Sommerfelt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  African health sciences     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1729-0503     ISO Abbreviation:  Afr Health Sci     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-25     Completed Date:  2008-11-25     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101149451     Medline TA:  Afr Health Sci     Country:  Uganda    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurology, Kinshasa University Hospital, Kinshasa, Congo.
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MeSH Terms
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / epidemiology*
Democratic Republic of the Congo / epidemiology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Interviews as Topic
Urban Population

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